15 And God said unto Abraham, As for Sarai thy wife, thou shalt not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall her name be.
16 And I will bless her, and give thee a son also of her: yea, I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of people shall be of her.
17 Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him that is an hundred years old? and shall Sarah, that is ninety years old, bear?
18 And Abraham said unto God, O that Ishmael might live before thee!
19 And God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed; and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his seed after him.
20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard thee: Behold, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation.
21 But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee at this set time in the next year.
22 And he left off talking with him, and God went up from Abraham.
23 And Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that were bought with his money, every male among the men of Abraham’s house; and circumcised the flesh of their foreskin in the selfsame day, as God had said unto him.
24 And Abraham was ninety years old and nine, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.
25 And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old, when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin.
26 In the selfsame day was Abraham circumcised, and Ishmael his son.
27 And all the men of his house, born in the house, and bought with money of the stranger, were circumcised with him.
K.J.V. Bible Text
Just as God changed Abram’s name to Abraham, he changed Sarai name to Sarah and he promised Abraham a son by her. This was very amusing to Abraham because he was an old man and Sarah was beyond child bearing years.
Abraham wished for God to give his blessing to Ishmael, his son by Hagar, because he did not believe that Sarah would truly have a child.
When God assured him that he would also bless Ishmael and greatly increase his number but that Sarah would bear a child named Isaac with whom God would establish an everlasting covenant, Abraham was satisfied that God would deal with him as he had said. On that same day he and every male in his household was circumcised as God had instructed. This included Abraham himself and his thirteen year old son, Ishmael.
I find myself wondering if Abraham told all the men of his household that it was by instruction of God that the circumcision was ordered. Did anyone protest? If so, Abraham must have been both powerful and resolute to compel all the males to undergo this painful procedure.
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