And the Lord said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether.
2 Speak now in the ears of the people, and let every man borrow of his neighbour, and every woman of her neighbour, jewels of silver and jewels of gold.
3 And the Lord gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh’s servants, and in the sight of the people.
4 And Moses said, Thus saith the Lord, About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt:
5 And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first born of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts.
6 And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more.
7 But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast: that ye may know how that the Lord doth put a difference between the Egyptians and Israel.
8 And all these thy servants shall come down unto me, and bow down themselves unto me, saying, Get thee out, and all the people that follow thee: and after that I will go out. And he went out from Pharaoh in a great anger.
9 And the Lord said unto Moses, Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you; that my wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.
10 And Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh: and the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go out of his land.
K.J.V. Bible Text
In Exodus, Chapter 11, the Lord told Moses that just one more plague would be brought upon Pharaoh and upon Egypt and then Pharaoh would not only let the Israelites go, he would thrust them out altogether.
To prepare for the coming event, the Lord first told Moses to have all the people borrow from their neighbors. The Lord gave the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians and they were able to borrow silver, gold and jewels.
Moses went to Pharaoh and told him that the Lord had told him that at about midnight he would go through Egypt and kill every firstborn from firstborn of Pharaoh to firstborn of “the maidservant that is behind the mill” and even all the firstborn of the beasts.
The children of Israel were to be spared this plague to show the difference that God put between them and the Egyptians.
In the face of the Lord’s message, delivered by Moses, Pharaoh still refused to allow the Israelites to leave. He had not learned from the fulfillment of all the other prophecies of plagues and was now willing to risk his own firstborn son.
To me, it seems that Pharaoh was very proud and he did not yet believe that the Lord, God of the Israelites was all powerful.
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