9For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing which another challengeth to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbour.
10 If a man deliver unto his neighbour an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any beast, to keep; and it die, or be hurt, or driven away, no man seeing it:
11 Then shall an oath of the Lord be between them both, that he hath not put his hand unto his neighbour’s goods; and the owner of it shall accept thereof, and he shall not make it good.
12 And if it be stolen from him, he shall make restitution unto the owner thereof.
13 If it be torn in pieces, then let him bring it for witness, and he shall not make good that which was torn.
14 And if a man borrow ought of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof being not with it, he shall surely make it good.
15 But if the owner thereof be with it, he shall not make it good: if it be an hired thing, it came for his hire.
Verse 9 of Exodus Chapter 22 is regarding the rules that the Lord gave Moses in regard to trespassing. I won’t go over those rules here because you can easily read them yourself in the Bible text above, but I will say that for me it is interesting that if a man uses an animal of his neighbor and it is hurt or killed, he must make it good; but if the owner is with it he is not required to make it good because it is not borrowed, it is a hired thing.
Here the Lord is making a point of the responsibility that is borne by someone who borrows something as opposed to hiring it. When the owner is present, the well-being of the animal is his responsibility. If you take the animal by itself, you are responsible for its welfare.
There is no code of law in the world today that is clearer or fairer than the definitive rules given to Moses by the Lord God Almighty.
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