25 If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury.
26 If thou at all take thy neighbour’s raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down:
27 For that is his covering only, it is his raiment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? and it shall come to pass, when he crieth unto me, that I will hear; for I am gracious.
28 Thou shalt not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of thy people.
29 Thou shalt not delay to offer the first of thy ripe fruits, and of thy liquors: the firstborn of thy sons shalt thou give unto me.
30 Likewise shalt thou do with thine oxen, and with thy sheep: seven days it shall be with his dam; on the eighth day thou shalt give it me.
31 And ye shall be holy men unto me: neither shall ye eat any flesh that is torn of beasts in the field; ye shall cast it to the dogs.
K.J.V. Bible Text
The Lord cautions his people about usury and the return of pledged items. He asks them to remember to offer the first of their fruits and liquors and the firstborn of their sons to him. (Remember that earlier, He gave Moses a way to redeem the firstborn of children through sacrifice in their stead.)
The Lord also tells them that they should not eat any flesh torn by beasts in the field but should instead cast it to the dogs. This surely is an important rule for the safety of the food supply. To eat animals rent in the field would leave one open to exposure to disease and also, depending upon when the flesh was found, it might be beginning to spoil. By laying down this particular rule, the Lord was protecting his people from the ignorance which prevailed in those days before microscopes and a knowledge of disease.
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