17 And thou shalt make a mercy seat of pure gold: two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof.
18 And thou shalt make two cherubims of gold, of beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat.
19 And make one cherub on the one end, and the other cherub on the other end: even of the mercy seat shall ye make the cherubims on the two ends thereof.
20 And the cherubims shall stretch forth their wings on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces shall look one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubims be.
21 And thou shalt put the mercy seat above upon the ark; and in the ark thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give thee.
22 And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which are upon the ark of the testimony, of all things which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.
K.J.V. Bible Text
Beginning in Exodus 25 verse 17 the Lord begins to describe the mercy seat that is to be put above the arc and the golden cherubims which are to be upon it and says again that he will give Moses “testimony” to put inside the arc and that at the arc he will meet and commune with him.
Obviously, the children of Israel will have to be very generous with the gold they have because the cherubins and the mercy seat are to be built of pure gold. (Of course, we can recall that when the children of Israel left Egypt, they were able to borrow many items of value from the Egyptians.) It appears that a lot of gold will need to be melted to provide the material for making the arc, and the mercy seat which will be a spot where communication with the Lord God will take place.
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