Note: at the end of today’s Portion of Bible Text, you will find my thoughts on the verses. B.K.
14 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,
15 If a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance, in the holy things of the Lord; then he shall bring for his trespass unto the Lord a ram without blemish out of the flocks, with thy estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering.
16 And he shall make amends for the harm that he hath done in the holy thing, and shall add the fifth part thereto, and give it unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering, and it shall be forgiven him.
17 And if a soul sin, and commit any of these things which are forbidden to be done by the commandments of the Lord; though he wist it not, yet is he guilty, and shall bear his iniquity.
18 And he shall bring a ram without blemish out of the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him concerning his ignorance wherein he erred and wist it not, and it shall be forgiven him.
19 It is a trespass offering: he hath certainly trespassed against the Lord.
K.J.V. Bible Text
This last part of Leviticus 5 deals with two types of sin and the offering the Lord told the Hebrews to make as atonement. The first sin mentioned in verse 15 is for a soul to commit a trespass sin through ignorance in the holy things of the Lord. The offering for this trespass is a ram without blemish and shekels of silver according to Moses estimation. He must make amends for harm he did to the holy thing by its value plus a fifth part more to be given to the priest. The priest will also take the ram for an atonement offering and the sinner will be forgiven.
Verse 17 says, “And if a soul sin, and commit any of these things which are forbidden to be done by the commandments of the Lord…” We learn that this too is a trespass sin against the Lord and must be atoned for with a ram without blemish.
It would seem that the sins for which the Lord asks the highest offering are those which concern the people’s relationship with him and his tabernacle. The temple and all things he has pronounced holy are not to be damaged and there are certain things the Lord has forbidden man to do. Those things require the sacrifice of a ram for atonement.
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